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Argentina Facts and Features

Physical map of Argentina
Lake Traful, Neuquén Argentine Territory:

3,761,274 Km².

2,791,810 km² of American Continent

969,464 km ² of the Antarctic Continent that include Islas Malvinas, Georgias, Sandwich del Sur Islands and a sector of Antarctica

Territorial Extension:

N-S 3.799 Km., W-E 1.423 Km.

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Lake Traful, Neuquén
Political map

Endpoints:

North: The confluence of the rivers Grande de San Juan and Mojinete, in the Province of Jujuy, Mina Pirquitas point.

South: Cabo San Pio, located in the Isla Grande de Tierra del Fuego.

East: point located northeast of the town of Bernardo de Irigoyen, in the Province of Misiones, Bernardo de Irigoyen point.

West: point located in the Los Glaciares National Park - Province of Santa Cruz, El Calafate point.

Limits:
North: Paraguay and Bolivia. Southern Chile and South Atlantic Ocean. East: Brazil, Uruguay and South Atlantic Ocean. West: Chile

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Dunes in Mar de las Pampas, Buenos Aires "Standing Stone", Meseta Central of Chubut
Dunes in Mar de las Pampas, Buenos Aires
"Standing Stone", Meseta Central of Chubut
"Devil's Desert" Puna - Salta

Political Division:

The territory is composed of 23 provinces, the Federal Capital (Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Ares), Antarctic Continent (including the South Orcadas Islands) and southern islands (Georgia del Sur and Sandwich del Sur).

Population:
40 million inhabitants (estimated in 2.010)

Form of government:
Federal Republic with a bicameral legislative power. It was declared independent from Spain on July 9th 1.816

"Devil's Desert" Puna - Salta

Main Cities
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, 3.058.309 h. Córdoba, 1.329.604 h. Rosario, 1.193.605 h. Mendoza, 880.000 h. La Plata, 654.324 h.

Official Language
Spanish. Some minorities speak quechua and other native tongues

Ethnic Composition
European background 85%, others 15%

Official Religion
Roman Catholic

There is a portion of the population that practices other religions, such as Evangelic, Protestant, Islamic, a large Jewish community, and lately some Afro-Caribbean religions coming from Brazil.
Argentine Antarctica "Iberá Wetlands" - Corrientes
Argentine Antarctica
"Iberá Wetlands" - Corrientes

Weather

Argentina has a temperate climate, but the North has a large subtropical zone and southward cold weather prevails.

Buenos Aires, the capital city, has a moderate and humid climate. In winter it is cool, 4° to 10° Celsius

During the night frost is common and during the early hours of the morning fog can occur, diminishing the visibility and you should be alert on roads.

Summer is warm, with an average of 28°C. We recommend light clothing and comfortable shoes.
For spring and fall we recommend you carry a light coat for the morning and evening. Temperatures vary from 12°C to 20°C.

Buenos Aires is mainly humid. Summers are warm (28°C average) and winters are mild (3°C to 8°C average)

Chain of volcanoes: Arizaro, Socompa, Aracar and Llullaillaco, Salta Sea Coast. Península Valdés
Chain of volcanoes: Arizaro, Socompa, Aracar and Llullaillaco, Salta
Sea Coast. Península Valdés

Longer Rivers

Km.
Sq Mts/Sec

Highest Mountains

 Meters / sea level
• Paraná
• Uruguay
• Negro
• Bermejo - Teuco
• Pilcomayo
• Colorado
• Salado (Buenos Aires)
• San Juan
• Mendoza
• Chubut
• Salado del Norte
• Bermejo / Desaguadero / Salado

1.800 
1.100 
635 
1.000 
850 
860 
700 
500 
400 
810 
2.000
1.200


16.806  
5.026  
865  
339  
152  
134  
88  
56  
50  
48  
15  
14  


• Aconcagua (Mendoza)
• Pissis (Catamarca/La Rioja)
• Ojos del Salado (Catamarca)
• Mercedario (San Juan)
• Bonete (La Rioja)
• Tres Cruces (Catamarca)
• Llullaillaco. (Salta)
• Nacimiento (Catamarca)
• Incahuasi (Catamarca)
• Tupungato (Mendoza)
• El Muerto ( (Catamarca)
• Bayo (Catamarca)
• Antofalla (Catamarca)
• Libertador San Martín (Salta)
• El Cóndor (Catamarca)
22,837 ft /6.960 m
6.882 m
6.879 m
6.770 m
6.759 m
6.749 m
6.739 m
6.658 m
6.638 m
6.635 m
6.488 m
6.436 m
6.409 m
6.380 m
6.373 m
Mount Aconcagua. At 22,837 feet (6,961 meters) The tallest peak in all of the Americas. Paraná River, Corrientes
Mount Aconcagua. At 22,837 feet (6,961 meters)
The tallest peak in all of the Americas.
Paraná River, Corrientes
Lakes Location

Area (km²)

Laguna Mar Chiquita

Córdoba y
Santiago del Estero

6000 km²

Lago Argentino

Santa Cruz

1466 km²

Lago Viedma

Santa Cruz

1088 km²

Lago Buenos Aires
/General Carrera

Santa Cruz / Chile

971,8 km²

Lago Colhué Huapi

Chubut

810 km²

Laguna de Llancanelo

Mendoza

650 km²

Lago Nahuel Huapi

Río Negro-Neuquén

557 km²

Lago Fagnano

Tierra del Fuego / Chile

551,3 km²

Lago O'Higgins / San Martín

Santa Cruz / Chile

504 km²

Lago Cardiel

Santa Cruz

458 km²

Lago Musters

Chubut

434 km²

Lago Cochrane / /Pueyrredón

Santa Cruz / Chile

145 km²

Lago Strobel

Santa Cruz

120 km²

Lago Huechulaufquen

Neuquén

84 km²

Lago Fontana

Chubut

79 km²

Lago Traful

Neuquén

70 km²

Mount Alcázar,
Calingasta, San Juan
"Sea eye" in Tolar Grande, Puna Salta River Paraná, Ituzaingó, Corrientes
"Sea eye" in Tolar Grande, Puna Salta
River Paraná, Ituzaingó, Corrientes

About Argentina

The name Argentina comes from the Latin word Argentum, meaning silver. This name goes back to the Spanish Conquerors that were in this region in 1524.

In this territory you will see mountains, plains and mesetas

In this country you will find not only the highest peak in America (Aconcagua 6 959 mts) and the widest river in the world (Rio de la Plata 220 km at its mouth)

Glacier Perito Moreno, Santa Cruz Cardones cactus at Santa Rosa de Tastil. Salta
Glacier Perito Moreno, Santa Cruz
Cardones cactus at Santa Rosa de Tastil. Salta
In this country you will be able to enjoy the deep jungles of Tucuman and Misiones, the sounds of silence in the altiplano of the North, the falls of 80 mts of height of the Cataratas del Iguazu, and the uproar of the melting of the Glaciar Perito Moreno.
Countyside in Sierra de los Padres, Mar del Plata. Buenos. Aires. Lake Nahuel Huapi, view to Victoria Island, Bariloche
Countyside in Sierra de los Padres,
Mar del Plata. Buenos. Aires.
Lake Nahuel Huapi, view to Victoria Island, Bariloche
Mountainous cord of Velasco - Route 40 Londres, Catamarca Tolhuin - Southernmost point of Argentina's mainland
Mountainous cord of Velasco - Route 40 Londres, Catamarca
Tolhuin - Tierra del Fuego
Mount Macón and a "sea eye" salt flats , Salta Confluence of River de los Patos with River San Juan
Mount Macón and a "sea eye" salt flats , Salta
Confluence of River de los Patos
with River San Juan
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